Canada is on the cusp of an unprecedented change in its governmental approach to recreational cannabis consumption. By July of 2018 the country will legalize and regulate recreational cannabis use across the country via the implementation of the Cannabis Act, representing the second country in the world and the first in North America to do so. With almost half of Canadians having admitted to using the drug illegally, this change in policy has been long advocated. While medical cannabis has been legal since 2001 this represents the first time in recent history that recreational cannabis will be legal on a federal level. As the country moves away from criminal prohibition into a framework centered on harm minimization and public health and safety, the policy specifics are being worked out by a variety of stakeholders. With limited peer-reviewed research and similar regulatory schemes to shape the Cannabis Act off of, Canada is entering unchartered territory. As other countries around the world struggle with illegal cannabis consumption, the Canadian example and novel regulatory scheme could prove a useful guiding tool for future policy in other jurisdictions. The following paper discusses key areas to watch and a brief intro of how Canada got to where it is and the foundational need for a shift in policy.