Review of the current literature suggests states that implement MC policies could reduce POM-associated mortality, improve pain management, and significantly reduce health care costs. However, MC research is constrained by federal policy restrictions, and more research related to MC as a potential alternative to POM for pain management, MC harms, and its impact on POM-related harms and health care costs should be a priority of public health, medical, and nursing research.
Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain in the Era of an Opioid Epidemic: A Symposium-Based Review of Sociomedical Science
The 3rd Symposium on Controlled Substances and Their Alternatives for the Treatment of Pain was held in Boston on February 27, 2016, with a focus on MMJ for the treatment of chronic pain. Invited speakers had diverse backgrounds, including pain management, addiction psychiatry, neurology, and legal authorities.
The treatment of medical conditions with cannabis and cannabinoid compounds is advancing. Although there are numerous reports related to the genetic variations of the cannabinoid receptor, a lack of studies that examine the relationship between other pharmacogenetic markers and health outcomes currently exists. Legalisation of marijuana is needed in order to perform more randomised controlled trials to help elucidate the role of other pharmacogenetic targets and cannabis for use in clinical practice.
Cannabis has been used to treat pain for thousands of years. However, since the early part of the 20th century, laws restricting cannabis use have limited its evaluation using modern scientific criteria. Over the last decade, the situation has started to change because of the increased availability of cannabis in the United States and many other countries for either medical or recreational purposes. The preclinical and human data that do exist indicate that the use of cannabis should be taken seriously as a potential treatment of joint pain.
Differences in behavioural health disorders and unmet treatment needs between medical marijuana users and recreational marijuana users: Results from a national adult sample
Available data suggest that medical marijuana users may have more mental health problems than recreational marijuana users. There is limited information about differences in behavioural health disorders and unmet treatment needs between medical and recreational marijuana users. Different approaches tailored to individuals’ sex and motives for marijuana use is needed for the prevention and treatment of behavioural health problems
The aim of this review is to discuss cannabinoids from a preclinical and clinical oncological perspective and provide the audience with a concise, retrospective overview of the most significant findings concerning the potential use of cannabinoids in cancer treatment.Further studies require extensive monitoring of the effects of cannabinoids alone or in combination with standard anticancer strategies. With such knowledge, cannabinoids could become a therapy of choice in contemporary oncology.
Clinical and Pre-Clinical Evidence for Functional Interactions of Cannabidiol and Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
The plant Cannabis sativa, commonly called cannabis or marijuana, has been used for its psychotropic and mind-altering side effects for millennia. There has been growing attention in recent years on its potential therapeutic efficacy as municipalities and legislative bodies in the United States, Canada, and other countries grapple with enacting policy to facilitate the use of cannabis or its constituents for medical purposes. Both THC and CBD, as well as other cannabinoid molecules, are currently being evaluated for medicinal purposes, separately and in combination.
Identifying compulsive consumption of marijuana in association with another mental disorder (attentional deficit disorder, bipolar disorder, depression or psychosis) presents the challenge of clarifying validated therapeutic strategies, especially within the teen population, in which it shows the highest prevalence. The administration of medications such as gabepentin, the aminoacid n-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and the cannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD) appear to be very promising. Usual medications, such as valproic acid, quetiapine and bupropion, increase craving, therefore intensifying the need for consumption and thus yielding overall negative results.
Cannabis is available from medical dispensaries for treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in many states of the union, yet its efficacy in treating PTSD symptoms remains uncertain. Evidence is insufficient to draw conclusions about the benefits and harms of plant-based cannabis preparations in patients with PTSD, but several ongoing studies may soon provide important results.
Co-prescribing of scheduled drugs is endemic in the United Sates, increasing health risks to patients and the burden on healthcare systems. Legal access to cannabis may reduce the use of multiple classes of dangerous prescription medications in certain patient populations.